species: Leptoria phrygia in Lizard Island area: all known taxa (Lizard Island Field Guide)
Leptoria phrygia

©Andy Lewis: A colony of Leptoria phrygia at Lizard Island

©Andy Lewis: Macro image of Leptoria phrygia showing the typical form of the corallites

©Andy Lewis: A colony of Leptoria phrygia at Big Viki's Reef, Lizard Island
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Cnidaria
Class Hexacorallia
Order Scleractinia
Family Merulinidae
Genus Leptoria
Species Leptoria phrygia
Status near threatened



Distinguishing features

A species that forms ridged massive colonies up to 1.5m diameter. Corallite valleys are meandroid and sinuous. Septa are similarly sized and evenly spaced. Colours are cream, brown or greenish brown.


  • Size data has not been obtained.



©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution

Distribution and habitat preferences

Reef fronts, shallow reef flats.

Can be found in most habitats around Lizard Island.


L. phrygia is a hermaphroditic broadcast spawner. The larvae showed no depth preference at settlement.

This species is slow growing like most massive Favid corals, with growth rates typically less than 0.5cm/year.

Web resources


  • Babcock, R.C., G.D. Bull, P.L. Harrison, A.J. Heyward, J.K. Oliver, C.C. Wallace and B.L. Willis (1986). Synchronous spawnings of 105 scleractinian coral species on the Great Barrier Reef, Marine Biology, 90: 379-394. LIRS catalog number 300.
  • Baird, A.H. (2001). The ecology of coral larvae: settlement patterns, habitat selection and the length of the larval phase, Ph.D. thesis, James Cook University. LIRS catalog number 716.
  • Baird, A.H., R.C. Babcock and C.P. Mundy (2003). Habitat selection by larvae influences the depth distribution of six common coral species. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 252: 289-293.
  • View all references