Leopard Flounder (species: Bothus pantherinus) in Lizard Island Field Guide (Lizard Island Field Guide)
Bothus pantherinus
Leopard Flounder

©Mike Bok: Bothus pantherinus from Lizard Island (lab photo).

©Anne Hoggett: Bothus pantherinus about 15 cm long at Lizard Island

©Anne Hoggett: Bothus pantherinus from Lizard Island, about 18 cm long (aquarium photo)
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Actinopterygii
Order Pleuronectiformes
Family Bothidae
Genus Bothus
Species Bothus pantherinus



Distinguishing features

A flat fish with both eyes on the left side of the body. Excellent camouflage colours for its sandy bottom habitat: mottled brown with many flower-shaped blotches usually with a a single darker blotch towards the rear on the midline.


  • Up to 30 cm (Length)

Depth range

  • Depth range data is not yet available.



©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution

Local abundance

  • Lizard Island: Abundant in suitable habitat but rarely seen due to camouflage and ability to bury in sand.

Web resources


References that assist with identification

  • Allen and M.V. Erdmann, G.R. (2012). Reef fishes of the East Indies. Volumes I-III in: Reef fishes of the East Indies. Tropical Reef Research, Perth, Australia. LIRS catalog number 90162.

Other references

  • Gunter, N.L., M.A.A. Burger and R.D. Adlard (2010). Morphometric and molecular characterisation of four new Ceratomyxa species (Myxosporea: Bivalvulida: Ceratomyxidae) from fishes off Lizard Island, Australia, Folia Parasitologica, 57: 1-10. LIRS catalog number 1317.
  • Jabbar, A., A. Asnoussi, L.J. Norbury, A. Eisenbarth, S. Shamsi, R.B. Gasser, A.L. Lopata and I. Beveridge (2012). Larval anisakid nematodes in teleost fishes from Lizard Island, northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research, 63: 1283-1299. LIRS catalog number 1584.